An Experimentally Validated Modal Model Simulator for the Assessment of Different Blade Tip Timing Algorithms

Mohamed, Bonello, Russhard

Abstract: Blade Tip Timing (BTT) technology is concerned with the estimation of turbomachinery blade vibration. A BTT system comprises two parts: (a) measurement system for blade tip arrival times (“BTT data”); (b) the analysis algorithms. Simulators that generate simulated BTT data under controlled conditions play an important role in the development of the algorithms since they enable an assessment of the performance of the different algorithms. Such an assessment is usually not possible with real engine data since there is no practical direct alternative to BTT. Most simulators in the literature are based on a simple spring – mass – damper model and commercially available ones have no physical underpinning. This work introduces a realistic simulator based on the

experimentally validated Finite Element (FE) model of a bladed disk (blisk). Transformation to modal space enables the efficient generation of simulated BTT data regardless of the complexity of the blisk geometry. The simulator is then used in a first – time comparative study of three principal BTT algorithm methods (autoregressive, sine fitting, two – parameter plot) are under various conditions involving synchronous and asynchronous excitations with both single and simultaneous frequencies. The study clarifies obscurities in the methods and demonstrates the applicability of each method to different BTT system scenarios.